East African Origin of the Ancient Egyptians
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Leakey says that it means that the whole human race had its origins in Africa and particularly Eastern Africa. Importance result of necessity the earliest men were ethnically homogenous and Negroid. This argument gives crecedence to the fact that Egyptians were Africans of black colour. Also there are only two routes available by which these early men could move outward to people the other continents that is the Sahara and the Nile Valley both in Africa, therefore Egyptians were Negroes.
Herodotus returns a few times to the Negroid character of the Egyptians and every time utilizes it as a certainty of perception to contend pretty much complex postulations. Herodotus subsequently agree that Egyptians are Negroes. Herodotus goes above and beyond to say they has dark skin and unusual hair.
Egyptians themselves are better qualified than anyone to speak of their origin. They recognize without ambiguity that their ancestors came from Nubia and the heart of Africa [ 9 ]. Therefore Egyptians were not whites but Africans of Black colour. Negro cosmogonies, African and Egyptian, resemble each other so closely that they are often complementary. This similarity of mores, customs, traditions and thinking has already been sufficiently stressed by various authorities. The relation between Egypt and Black Africa is that they are one and the same [ 9 ]. In Genesis , the Bible gives witness to the Black colour.
Egypt and Phut, and Canaan. Generally, speaking, all Semitic traditions Jewish and Arab classes ancient Egypt with the countries of the blacks. The importance of these depositions cannot be ignored for these are peoples Jews which lived side by side with the ancient Egyptians and sometimes in symbiosis with them and have nothing to gain by presenting a false ethnic picture of them [ 9 ]. Egyptian civilization is the first and foremost African.
Egyptologists were dumbfounded with admiration for the past grandeur and perfection they discovered. They gradually recognized it as the most ancient civilization that had engendered all others.
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The birth of Egyptology was thus marked by the need to destroy the memory of a Negro Egypt at any cost and in all minds. They try in vain to find a white origin for Egyptian civilization [ 9 ]. Professor Vercoutter remarked in the Cairo symposium held from 28 th January to 3 rd February that in his view Egypt was African in its way of writing, in its culture and in its way of thinking [ 8 ].
If Egyptians were white as claimed, then all these aforementioned Negro peoples and so many others in Africa are also whites. Thus we reach the absurd conclusion that Blacks are basically Whites; which is not the case. If the Egyptian civilization had come from the south of Europe as Maspero assumes, and if it had slipped into the valley via the west or southwest to introduce elements of civilization we cannot understand why it should not have left traces in its birthplace or along its route.
It is difficult to perceive how this white race, propagator of culture could have left Europe a milieu so conducive to the development of civilization, without having created it, how it crossed the rich plains of Tell and the enormous expanse that separates North Africa from Egypt before that expanse became a desert or why it would have crossed the swampy, unhealthy region of lower Egypt, spanned the Nubian desert, climbed to the high plateaus of Ethiopia, traversed thousands and thousands of miles to create civilization on some caprice in so remote an area, so that this civilization might later return slowly down the Nile.
Assuming this is the case, how can we explain that a fraction of that race which stayed at home in an environment so favourable to the flowering of a civilization remained unpolished until the centuries just preceding the Christian era? Therefore Egyptians are Negroes not whites. It can be safely argued that the ancient Egyptians were Negroes and not whites, since evidence has been provided to prove that Egyptians were Black.
Negro character of Egyptian civilization, as is recognized, rules out any possibility that this civilization was a monopoly or the white race. Numerous authors circumvent the difficulty by speaking of the whites with red skin or whites with black skin. This does not seem in congruous to them for as soon as a race has created civilization there can be no more possibility of it being Black.
Race in Ancient Egypt
We cannot rely on the quality of the hair to guarantee the whiteness of a race. The hair the regular features are not a monopoly of the white race. The European civilization is but a derivation of African achievements. It is true that the Europeans civilization is largely built on the achievements of the ancient Greeks.
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But the ancient Greeks in turn built their civilization following in the footsteps of the ancient Egyptians. Therefore Africa was the birthplace of the earliest and greatest civilization on earth. Egyptian antiquity is to African culture what Greco-Roman antiquity is to Western Europe though they heavily borrowed from Africa. Such discoveries as writing, painting, carving, drawing, mining, farming and numerous ways of survival by man in his natural environment were first made on the continent of Africa.
They were discovered by Africans, experimented and practiced by them long before one single white man had set foot in Africa. The Greek civilization owes their origin to Egyptians and what they did was merely to improve the Egyptian ideas. The Greek environment enabled them to develop a secular society, where science and learning was not a monopoly of a certain class.
It was for all those people who wanted to acquire. Egyptian learning was restricted to the priests. After all, the Africans had once lived proudly as Kings with Kingdoms, European with empires, chiefs with chiefdoms, had governed themselves, cultivated their land, had fed themselves, clothed themselves and given birth to the earliest and greatest civilization on earth. And yet these proud Kingdoms, empires, with wealth and other civilizations had been destroyed, and looted by the ruthless foreign invaders.
Tragically though, credit for these inventions has been wrongly given to ancient Greece. Ancient Greece was doing what Africans had done centuries before. Not one single piece of history found in Greece is older than pre-historic monuments and various pieces unearthed in Africa-not a single one. During the prehistoric period Africa due to its favourable climate served in intercontinental relations as a pole and a central source for the innovation and invention and dissemination of techniques.
It seems then that Africans devoted the essence of their creative energy to civilization. The material civilization then originated in Africa tropical latitudes during prehistory and radiated north as far as the European isthmus where by means of the conjunction of advanced technology and accumulation of capital it became established and as it were crystallized brilliantly, but it necessarily important to note that Africa in a geographical and historical entity. It is important to remind the Eurocentric writers of how critical a part Africa has played in human history past and present and how impossible it is to forget this and rightly explain the present plight of Mankind [ 10 ].
But Africa is not merely the probable cradle of man and his initial culture, the continent is also the genesis of civilization. Therefore then, it can be argued that European civilization is a derivation of African achievements. The interaction between Egypt and her neighbours produced one of the greatest configurations of civilizations in history — The Mediterranean civilizations. The interaction between the Egyptians on one side and on the other, Mesopotamians, Assyrians, Babylonians, Persians, Nubians, ancient Greeks and ancient Romans resulted in the explosion of one of the most dazzling galaxies of cultures in human history.pierreducalvet.ca/80375.php
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Had there been no Egyptian civilization would there have been Greek civilization in ancient times? The answer is No; ancient Egypt was a very important and necessary condition. Nowhere else had natural conditions favoured the development of a human society to the same extent as in Egypt.
Nowhere else do we find a chalcolithic industry capable in its technical perfection. Nothing proves that it was due to the incursion of more civilized strangers that Egyptian civilization developed, but it was due to the genius of Egyptian Negro inhabitants, therefore European civilization is but a derivation of Egyptians African achievements [ 9 ].
No less paradoxical is the fact that the indo-Europeans never created a civilization in their won native lands the Eurasians. The question is why did so many creative aptitudes appear only when there was contact with blacks, never in the original cradle of the Eurasian steppes?
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Why did those populations not create civilizations at home before migrating? If we refer to the most remote antiquity, the evidence forces us to start from the black countries to explain all phenomena of civilization [ 9 ]. This clearly indicates that European civilization must have heavily borrowed from African civilization. It would be incorrect to say that civilization was born of racial mixture, for there is proof that it existed in Black lands well before any historical contact with Europeans.
Ethnically homogenous the Negro people created all the elements of civilization by adapting to the favourable geographical conditions of their largely homelands. From then on their countries became magnets attracting the inhabitants of the ill-favoured backward lands nearby, who tried to move there to improve their existence. Crossbreeding resulting from the contact was thus a consequence of the civilization, already created by Blacks rather than its cause.
Therefore it can be argued that European only improved on what Africans had innovated and invented. According to the unanimous testimony of the Ancients, first the Ethiopians and then the Egyptians created and raised to an extraordinary stage of development all the elements of civilization, while other people especially Eurasians were still deep in barbarism.
Therefore European civilization is but a derivation of African achievement. It is impossible to stress all that the world, particularly the Hellenistic world owed to the Egyptians. The Greeks merely continued and developed, sometimes partially, what the Egyptians had invented.
By virtue of their materialistic tendencies the Greeks stripped those inventions of the religious, idealistic shell in which the Egyptians had enveloped them. I also realized that the lofty genius of the Greeks had been able to present Egyptian ideas incomparably, especially in Plato, but I thought that what we loved in the Greeks, we should not scorn or simply disdain in the Egyptians. Today, when two authors collaborate, the credit for their work in common is shared equally by each. This clearly indicates that even reputable scholars like Amelinean wonder why credit is not given to Africans for it actually and certainly deserved it for their achievements.
At this point it is important to ask, what were the actual achievements of the Africans in general and Egyptians in Particular? What are some of the inventions that Africa exported to Europe? First the movement of Homo Sapiens and his less advanced predecessors Neanderthal man e. Third, the movement of equally significant contributions to world of science and civilization not only for Africa, but from Asia to Europe, during the nearly eight centuries of the Muslim domination of the Iberian Peninsula.
Beatrice Lumpkin highlights Nile Valley pre-emince in mathematics for four millennia and the leading role this played in building the foundations of modern science. The first cipherization of numbers took place in Egypt where hieroglyphic numerals used special symbols for the powers of Fractions also became necessary very early in Africa because of the vast construction of pyramids, irrigation works, temples and obelisks which required measurements of lengths, areas and volumes.
They enabled the scribes to perform complex operations and they were used by scientists for thousands of years, right up to the modern period. Lumpkin demonstrates from surviving papyri, Egyptian breakthroughs in trigonometry, algebra calculus and geometry [ 3 ]. John Pappademos shows how Isaac Newton, perhaps the greatest figure in European science before Einstein, drew directly and indirectly upon the early science of the Nile Valley.
Newton achieved a synthesis of three lines of development — Astronomy, mathematics and mechanics, and this success rested directly upon his predecessors Kepler, Copernicus, Descartes and Galileo. Pappademos contends that the work of those scientists would have been impossible without the foundation laid centuries earlier in Egypt. He traces Newton and the influence of Egypt, both in the classical and later Muslim period upon these men. Even Newton himself admits on several occasions his debt to the ancient African.