Old Regime France (Short Oxford History of France)
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Oxford: Pergamon Press, The Oxford History of the French Revolution.
Oxford: Oxford University Press, McPhee, The French Revolution, New York: Farrar, Straus and Giroux, Kates, ed. London: Rutledge, The French Revolution: rethinking the debate. London: Routledge, Blanning, ed. The Rise and Fall of the French Revolution. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, A Short History of the French Revolution.
History of France - Wikipedia
Upper Saddle River, N. Censer and L. Hunt, eds. Schechter, ed. The French Revolution. Oxford: Blackwell, The French Revolution and the Birth of Modernity. Berkeley: University of California Press, Andress, ed. Experiencing the French Revolution. Oxford: Voltaire Foundation, Norton and Co. Mathiez, The French Revolution London, Lefebvre, The French Revolution, 2 vols.
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A Documentary Survey of the French Revolution Paris en et en Paris: Plon, French revolutionary collections in the British Library: list of the contents of the three special collections of pamphlets, journals and other works in the British Library, relating chiefly to the French Revolution London: British Library, Browning, Oscar ed. Other Editions 5. Friend Reviews.
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More filters. Sort order. Start your review of Old Regime France: Jan 14, Angela Randall marked it as to-read Shelves: france-and-french-language-learning , history , non-fiction , young-adult-educational-material , second-hand-bookshop-wishlist , , 21st-century. Fan Cheng rated it really liked it Dec 29, Jane rated it did not like it Aug 05, Aria rated it liked it Feb 15, Glenn Botto rated it it was amazing Nov 24, Nathaniel Perrin rated it liked it Aug 26, Josh rated it liked it Sep 05, Fred rated it really liked it Jun 28, Jennifer rated it liked it Jan 26, Dina rated it it was ok Aug 28, Eleanor Jane May rated it really liked it Dec 28, Carmen rated it liked it Dec 30, Edward Young rated it really liked it Jan 29, Sean Ammirati rated it it was ok Apr 24, Ash rated it liked it Apr 10, Sonicsputnick rated it liked it Aug 21, Abbot Suger's vision of construction became what is now known as Gothic architecture.
This style became standard for most European cathedrals built in the late Middle Ages. The late direct Capetian kings were considerably more powerful and influential than the earliest ones. The late Capetians, although they often ruled for a shorter time than their earlier peers, were often much more influential. This period also saw the rise of a complex system of international alliances and conflicts opposing, through dynasties, Kings of France and England and Holy Roman Emperor.
The reign of Philip II Augustus junior king —80, senior king — marked an important step in the history of French monarchy.
His reign saw the French royal domain and influence greatly expanded. He set the context for the rise of power to much more powerful monarchs like Saint Louis and Philip the Fair. Philip II spent an important part of his reign fighting the so-called Angevin Empire , which was probably the greatest threat to the King of France since the rise of the Capetian dynasty.
He allied himself with the Duke of Aquitaine and son of Henry II— Richard Lionheart —and together they launched a decisive attack on Henry's castle and home of Chinon and removed him from power. Richard replaced his father as King of England afterward. The two kings then went crusading during the Third Crusade ; however, their alliance and friendship broke down during the crusade.
The two men were once again at odds and fought each other in France until Richard was on the verge of totally defeating Philip II.
History of France
Adding to their battles in France, the Kings of France and England were trying to install their respective allies at the head of the Holy Roman Empire. The crown of France was saved by Richard's demise after a wound he received fighting his own vassals in Limousin. John's defeat was swift and his attempts to reconquer his French possession at the decisive Battle of Bouvines resulted in complete failure. Philip Augustus founded the Sorbonne and made Paris a city for scholars. Prince Louis the future Louis VIII, reigned —26 was involved in the subsequent English civil war as French and English or rather Anglo-Norman aristocracies were once one and were now split between allegiances.
While the French kings were struggling against the Plantagenets, the Church called for the Albigensian Crusade. Southern France was then largely absorbed in the royal domains. France became a truly centralised kingdom under Louis IX reigned — Saint Louis has often been portrayed as a one-dimensional character, a flawless example of the faith and an administrative reformer who cared for the governed ones. However, his reign was far from perfect for everyone: he made unsuccessful crusades, his expanding administrations raised opposition, and he burned Jewish books at the Pope's urging. It appears Louis had a strong sense of justice and always wanted to judge people himself before applying any sentence.
This was said about Louis and French clergy asking for excommunications of Louis' vassals: . For it would be against God and contrary to right and justice if he compelled any man to seek absolution when the clergy were doing him wrong. Louis IX was only twelve years old when he became King of France. His mother — Blanche of Castile — was the effective power as regent although she did not formally use the title.
Old Regime France: 1648-1788
Blanche's authority was strongly opposed by the French barons yet she maintained her position until Louis was old enough to rule by himself. In the King had to struggle with a long lasting strike at the University of Paris.
The Quartier Latin was strongly hit by these strikes. The kingdom was vulnerable: war was still going on in the County of Toulouse, and the royal army was occupied fighting resistance in Languedoc. Count Raymond VII of Toulouse finally signed the Treaty of Paris in , in which he retained much of his lands for life, but his daughter, married to Count Alfonso of Poitou , produced him no heir and so the County of Toulouse went to the King of France.
He landed in at Saint-Malo with a massive force. Henry III's allies in Brittany and Normandy fell down because they did not dare fight their king, who led the counterstrike himself. This evolved into the Saintonge War Louis IX was now the most important landowner of France, adding to his royal title.
There were some opposition to his rule in Normandy, yet it proved remarkably easy to rule, especially compared to the County of Toulouse which had been brutally conquered. The Conseil du Roi , which would evolve into the Parlement , was founded in these times.
Saint Louis also supported new forms of art such as Gothic architecture ; his Sainte-Chapelle became a very famous gothic building, and he is also credited for the Morgan Bible. Both proved to be complete failures for the French King. Philip III was called "the Bold" on the basis of his abilities in combat and on horseback, and not because of his character or ruling abilities.